Yuval Noah Harari is an Israeli Historian, Author and Professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was born on February 24, 1976 in Israel. He completed his PhD degree from University of Oxford in 2002. His most famous book is “Sapiens, A Brief History of Humankind”. Other books include “Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow”, and “21 Lessons for the 21st Century”.
In the book “Sapiens”, the writer discusses the history of humans from the very beginning to the present day. Harari discusses different aspects of human history and explores the circumstances that result in making our world as it is today. He highlighted the questions that have not yet been answered, and highlighted theories that other historians and writers usually avoid discussing it. According to him humans were at the time an animal with no significance, now they become the most powerful community. How do they become the most significant creatures on earth?
Harari raised questions like why humans rule the world, are humans the only reasons for the extinction of other species, why men are dominant and rule the world, and why European empires succeeded and others collapsed? From invention of fiction to the discovery of ignorance, Harari writes about the pros and cons of the major historical events. He, according to me, always speaks in favor or speaks against something with evidence and logical reasons. However he never prove that any certain happening was good or bad for humanity rather left for readers to decide for themselves
I like and recommend this book to anyone who is interested in history as well as biology and psychology. Sometimes I feel like it’s less about human history and more about biology and psychology. Other than biology and psychology, Harari discusses lives of humans in times such as in agricultural revolution, where people live and settling down in villages and other topics like capitalism, emergence of science and imperialism in Europe etc. The writer explains whether the events happening in the past were beneficial for humankind or proved harmful and have lasting effects on human population. With every passing time human beings continuously inventing and improving technology to make their lives more better and easy but they never remain satisfied, no matter how much they progressed.
“The greatest scientific discovery was the discovery of ignorance. Once humans realized how little they knew about the world, they suddenly had a very good reason to seek new knowledge, which opened up the scientific road to progress.”
“This is the essence of the Agricultural Revolution: the ability to keep more people alive under worse conditions.”
“History is something that very few people have been doing while everyone else was ploughing fields and carrying water buckets.”
“How do you cause people to believe in an imagined order such as Christianity, democracy or capitalism? First, you never admit that the order is imagined.”
“A meaningful life can be extremely satisfying even in the midst of hardship, whereas a meaningless life is a terrible ordeal no matter how comfortable it is.”
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